Ambroz Matija Gubec (Hižakovec in Croatian Zagorje around 1548 - Zagreb, 15. February 1573) was a Croatian peasant and leader of the peasant revolt in Croatia and Slovenia. Before the revolt Matija Gubec was a peasant on the Stubica feudal possession of Franjo Tahi in Croatian Zagorje. In the historiography the question of the main feature of the peasants’ revolt in 1573 was not completely resolved. When the revolt begun peasants elected Gubec for the leader because they “believed that he is characterized by, among other things, intelligence and courage” (Istvánffy). In the short period of the revolt Gubec proved to be capable organizer and inspiring leader, and immediately after his death became a legend. In the decisive battle against the nobles who were led by the vice-ban Gaspar Alapić, at Stubičke Toplice on the 9th of February 1573, Gubec led the peasant army of about 6.000 men (according to Josip Adamček). Before the battle started he told the peasants that they must win or expect “woe to defeated” (Istvanffy). After the peasants were defeated, Gubec was caught and taken to Zagreb. He was executed on the 15th of February 1573, and a legend says that he was publicly tortured on the St. Mark’s square by being forced to wear a crown made of hot iron (as a “peasants’ king”), and then he was quartered. Lime tree in Gornja Stubica was named Gubec’s lime tree, and underneath it, according to national tradition, Matija Gubec gathered his like-minded followers. Centuries old Gubec lime tree is a protected culture monument.